King Rail

Species Name: Rallus elegans


Species Distribution in Massachusetts


Federal Rank: None

Massachusetts State Rank: Threatened

Habitat Description

Shallow water areas with emergent vegetation (cattails, grasses, and sedges), usually in large cattail marshes or extensive wet meadows.

Threats to Survival

Loss of suitable wetlands to breed in. Massachusetts is at the northern edge of its range, so it’s likely it has always been a rare breeder locally.

Actions Recommended to Ensure Survival

Protection of important marsh habitat and maintaining this habitat free of invasive species, along with maintaining a consistent water hydrology during the nesting season.