Species Name: Sternula antillarum
Species Distribution in Massachusetts
Federal Rank: None
Massachusetts State Rank: Special Concern
Sandy or gravelly beaches periodically scoured by storm tides, resulting in sparse or no vegetation. Forages in shallow-water habitats, including bays, lagoons, estuaries, river and creek mouths, tidal marshes and ponds.
Threats to Survival
Human development on nesting habitats, loss of adequate separation between people on the beaches and the nesting colonies, off-road vehicles and garbage left on the beach.
Actions Recommended to Ensure Survival
Intensive and ongoing management will always be necessary to maintain a sustainable breeding population. Limiting human development is also critical to their survival.