Species Distribution in Massachusetts
Federal Rank: None
Massachusetts State Rank: Special Concern
Brackish, grassy wetlands that includes marshes, bogs, shrub swamps and coastal plain pond shores.
Threats to Survival
Habitat loss and hydrologic alteration that disrupts the natural flooding of its habitat, along with invasion by exotic plants, eutrophication or other water pollution, aerial insecticide spraying, non-target herbiciding, off-road vehicles and light pollution.
Actions Recommended to Ensure Survival
Limiting pollution, invasion of exotic plants and habitat loss.