Species Name: Pieris oleracea
Species Distribution in Massachusetts
Federal Rank: None
Massachusetts State Rank: Threatened
Openings in mesic forest, including riparian floodplains, margins of fens and marshes, and streamsides; as well as wet meadows, field and pastures.
Threats to Survival
Loss of intact woodland and wet meadow habitats, introduction of invasive plants, hydrologic alteration, river bank stabilization, introduced generalist parasitoids, aerial insecticide spraying, non-target herbiciding, excessive browse of larval host plants by deer, off-road vehicles, and parasitism.
Actions Recommended to Ensure Survival
Limit the effect human development has on their habitat.