Species Name: Zale lunifera
Species Distribution in Massachusetts
Federal Rank: None
Massachusetts State Rank: Special Concern
Pitch pine-scrub oak barrens on sandplains, especially in scrub oak thickets.
Threats to Survival
Habitat loss, fire suppression, introduced generalist parasitoids, insecticide spraying, non-target herbiciding, off-road vehicles, and light pollution.
Actions Recommended to Ensure Survival
Fire management to maintain amount of open space in habitats.