Pine Barrens Zale

Species Name: Zale lunifera

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Species Distribution in Massachusetts


Federal Rank: None

Massachusetts State Rank: Special Concern

Habitat Description

Pitch pine-scrub oak barrens on sandplains, especially in scrub oak thickets.

Threats to Survival

Habitat loss, fire suppression, introduced generalist parasitoids, insecticide spraying, non-target herbiciding, off-road vehicles, and light pollution.

Actions Recommended to Ensure Survival

Fire management to maintain amount of open space in habitats.